1885 map showing 13th Avenue, via the New York Public Library
You may be scratching your head at the mention of the 13th Avenue in Manhattan, but it does exist–and it’s the shortest avenue in the whole city with a fascinating history behind it. The minuscule stretch covers prime Meatpacking District real estate, just west of 11th Avenue and between Little West 12th Street and Gansevoort Street. The single block across the West Side Highway is unmarked, but officially known as Gansevoort Peninsula. The avenue was created by the city in 1837, and in no way was intended to be so short. In fact, by the mid-1800s 13th Avenue encompassed nearly 15 blocks and was planned to stretch all the way up to 135th Street. But the block never left Chelsea and was mostly destroyed by the city at the turn of the century.
Image via New York Public Library/Wikipedia
The beginnings of 13th Avenue followed a law enacted by New York State to establish a permanent street along the Hudson River. The legislation actually granted developers the ability to purchase–get this–underwater lots. (New York’s crazy real estate stories date back to the 1800s, apparently!) Developers could then use trash and landfill to expand mainland Manhattan into the water through the construction of piers and docks. The result? Private investors went wild buying and selling lots to expand Manhattan into its surrounding waters.
Such haphazard development was curbed in 1874, when the city paved the avenue with Belgian block. Lumber yards, saloons, and dumps popped up in response. An 1886 story in the New York Times discovered Italian immigrants and lumberman frequenting the area, following a “winding foot path showing the course pedestrians take to dodge the deeper mud holes.”
But once the sun set, the Times described the stretch as seedy and unsafe, avoided by the police. 13th Avenue became a known hangout for hoodlums, and the bars in the area became notorious for brawls, cockfights and fires.
Further development of 13th Avenue was halted by a recession. Its death knell came toward the end of the 19th century, when the city needed to upgrade its piers to accommodate larger steam liners like the Lusitania and the Titanic. The docks along 13th avenue were condemned and landfill was taken up to 22nd Street to build out Chelsea Piers. The stretch of 13th Avenue north of 22nd Street stayed put for a few decades, but eventually became part of 12th Avenue.
The new Chelsea Piers, via the Library of Congress
The city, however, did not condemn the area that held the West Washington Market–the exact location that holds the remainder of 13th Avenue. The market closed long ago, and now the one-block-long piece of land holds facilities for the sanitation department.
13 Avenue seen from the north, via Wikipedia
These days the entirety of 13th Avenue is operated by the NYC Sanitation Department and cannot be accessed by the public. While there has been some proposals to open up some of the waterfront, it hasn’t happened yet, and this short stretch remains mostly under the radar, a remnant of the lost streets of New York.
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- Historic map shows the manufacturing industries of 1919 NYC
- The history behind how Great Jones Street got its name
Tags : 13th Avenue
Neighborhoods : Meatpacking District