The marathon in the early ’80s, via NYC Parks
The New York City Marathon, taking place this Sunday, November 1st, is the world’s largest marathon, and this year it will bring together more than 50,000 runners from all over the world, plus hundreds of thousands of spectators. It wasn’t always this way, though. Started by the New York Road Runners Club in 1970, the race began as a few loops around Central Park with just over 100 runners. But the passion of its founders, coupled with the spirit of the city, grew the marathon into an event that generates $415 million for New York. In honor of the upcoming 2015 Marathon, 6sqft is taking a look back at the history of the race, its greatest moments, and what’s in store for this year.
HISTORY OF THE MARATHON
In 1970, presidents of the New York Road Runners Club Fred Lebow and Vincent Chiapetta took 127 runners on several loops around Central Park’s Park Drive. It cost $1 to join the race, and the entire event was $1,000. This first year of the New York City Marathon saw only one female runner, just 55 participants cross the finish line, and 100 spectators. The winners received inexpensive watches and recycled baseball and bowling trophies.
Each year, though, the event got bigger, and in 1976, to celebrate the bicentennial, Manhattan borough president Percy Sutton supported the race expanding throughout the five boroughs. Entry grew to 2,096 runners, and what was supposed to be a one-time event became the official annual course. Two years later, the race became a city-wide spectacle after Norwegian track Olympian Grete Waitz finished in 2:32:30, shattering the women’s world record (she’d go on to win the race nine times).
After Lebow passed away from brain cancer in 1994, a sculpture of him was erected in Central Park at the West Drive and 67th Street, the Marathon’s finish line. The sculpture by Jesus Ygnacio Dominguez “shows Lebow in his trademark running suit and hat, checking his watch as runners cross the finish line.” In 2001, it was put on a new black granite pedestal and moved to 90th Street and the East Drive where runners meet each day, but for the Marathon, it’s moved to a spot near the finish line. The sculpture honors his vision that the NYC Marathon be “a race for everyone–men and women of every color, creed and country, regardless of ability. Each runner seeks his or her own goal–whether to win, to achieve a personal best, or simply to finish.”
In 2004, global financial services company ING became the first title sponsor of the marathon and teamed up with NYRR on running and fitness programs for the city’s youth. Last year, India-based company Tata Consultancy Services became an eight-year title sponsor. Today, the New York City Marathon is the largest marathon in the world and is broadcast live by ABC and ESPN.
GREATEST RACE MOMENTS
1976: Dick Traum became the first person to complete a marathon with a prosthetic leg.
1979: Rosie Ruiz was given a finish time of 2:56:29, qualifying her for the 1980 Boston Marathon, where she was given a record finish time of 2:31:56. It was later discovered that she didn’t run the entire course in either race, cementing her place as the most notorious woman in running.
1982: Alberto Salazar hoped to win his third consecutive race, but it seemed unlikely towards the end. In the last 600 meters he appeared out of a literal cloud of dust (later revealed to be from a police motorcycle) and broke through to win the marathon.
1986: Bob Wieland lost both his legs after stepping on a mine in Vietnam. Seventeen years later he became the first person to use only his arms to finish the race. It took him four days to finish the course, but he inspired amputees everywhere.
1992: Race co-founder Fred Lebow crossed the finish line while in remission from brain cancer. He ran alongside Grete Waitz in her last marathon.
1992: Though Apartheid wouldn’t end formally until 1994, two years prior international sanctions were lifted and Willie Mtolo wasted no time becoming the first South African to complete the NYC Marathon, and also to win.
1994: Germán Silva, who had been in the lead, took a wrong turn, putting him in second place. He recovered, though, and went on to win by two seconds, earning him the nickname “Wrong Way Silva.”
2000: The race introduces an official wheelchair and handcycle division.
2001: Just two months after September 11th, the NYC Marathon brought the city together and boosted morale among New Yorkers.
2003: Rapper P.Diddy ran the race and raised $2,000,000 for the New York City Education system.
2005: The closet finish ever was recorded when Kenyan Paul Tergat defeated South African Hendrick Ramaala by 0.03 seconds.
2008: Tragedy struck when three participants died, all of heart attacks.
2012: After insisting the race would go on, Mayor Bloomberg cancelled the marathon just two days before it was scheduled to take place due to Hurricane Sandy. This ignited a firestorm from both ends: Some said how could the race go on when thousands were without homes or power, but after the cancellation others were annoyed that runners had flown in from all over the world with no notice. In the end, the participants came together, with some choosing to help in storm aide and cleanup efforts and thousands joining together in Central Park to run.
WHAT TO EXPECT AND WHERE TO WATCH THIS YEAR
Today’s route has been in effect since 1976. The race starts near the approach to the Verrazano Bridge in Staten Island, leading runners over the transverse in what is widely photographed as a symbol of the event. For the next 11 miles, the course goes through Brooklyn along Fourth Avenue and Bedford Avenue, crossing the neighborhoods of Bay Ridge, Sunset Park, Park Slope, Bed-Stuy, Williamsburg, and Greenpoint. Next, at the halfway point, runners cross into Long Island City, Queens via the Pulaski Bridge. After just 2.5 miles, they then run accross the Queensboro Bridge into Manhattan. This upward climb is one of the toughest points of the race.
Now, 16 miles in, participants head up First Avenue and into the Bronx using the Willis Avenue Bridge. They’re only in the northernmost borough for one mile, though, as they then loop back into Manhattan via the Madison Avenue Bridge. The race then heads down Fifth Avenue, through Harlem and past Museum Mile, along Central Park South, and back into the park to finish just outside Tavern on the Green.
Some of the most popular spots for spectators include:
- Mile 3 in Bay Ridge, when the runners are still full of energy and waving and smiling.
- Mile 8, along Lafayette Avenue in Fort Greene, where locals gather on their brownstone stoops and the the Bishop Loughlin Memorial High School band performs.
- Mile 13, the halfway point, at the Pulaski Bridge. As they hit the halfway point, runners need some extra encouragement. That’s why this is NYRRC’s official cheering zone, where they give out orange cowbells.
- Miles 16 to 18, the Upper East Side along First Avenue, always draws a wild, cheering crowd. The street’s many bars and restaurants offer race-day specials.
- Miles 23 to 24, along Museum Mile, is a great spot to see the runners before they cross the finish line. They enter the park at 90th Street, so this stretch is often packed with fans shouting “almost there!”
- Finish Line! Want to get a coveted spot to see runners cross the line? Grandstand Seating tickets are available in advance, but you’ll have to cozy up to someone who’s already snagged them since they’re sold out.
As far as street closures go, there are many, and they’ll be in effect for most of the day. DNAinfo has compiled the full list HERE, as well as transportation disruptions.
- A History of the US Open in New York: From the West Side Tennis Club to Arthur Ashe Stadium
- Honoring Our Servicemen and Women: A History of the NYC Veterans Day Parade
- A History of the Village Halloween Parade: Puppets, Performers, and NYC Pride