Flickr image by endymion120
With the advent of the Internet—namely Google—the role of the library has changed dramatically over the last 20 years. But even with the introduction of new technology, never have libraries played a more important role in educating the public—and their rapid growth in attendance proves this. Although the New York Public Library (NYPL) scrapped Norman Foster’s plan to renovate their flagship location last year, they still have a $300 million renovation plan in the works and they’re hard on the hunt for a high-tech redesign. While we may be years off before we see a new design emerge, The Architectural League and the Center for an Urban Future have made their own investigation into what could be by asking a handful of architects to drum up exciting new library designs that meet the needs of today’s tech-savvy users. Originally published on ArchDaily as “Five Design Teams Re-Envision New York’s Public Libraries,” Connor Walker explores the five design teams’ proposal for a better NYPL.
There are 207 branch libraries in the city of New York, each providing a number of services to city residents. From the simple lending of books to adult technical literacy classes, these institutions are as vital as they were before the advent of the Internet, and their attendance numbers prove it. Between the years of 2002 and 2011, circulation in the city’s library systems increased by 59 percent. Library program attendance saw an increase of 40 percent. In spite of this, library funding was cut by 8 percent within this same timeframe, which has made it difficult to keep many of the system’s buildings in good repair. To spark interest and support from city leaders, The Architectural League, in collaboration with the Center for an Urban Future, instigated the design study “Re-Envisioning New York’s Branch Libraries.”
Sponsored by the Charles H. Revson Foundation, the study is the effort of five design teams chosen by the League. These teams–including MASS Design Group and SITU STUDIO–were charged with proposing exciting new library designs that follow the League’s themes of “integrating libraries into the city’s housing and community development goals, reconfiguring libraries to meet community needs, and developing new ideas for expanding the impact of branch libraries.” The teams presented their work at a January 4th symposium. See each of the proposals, as well as video footage of that symposium, below.
Andrew Berman Architect
Hunts Point Library concept. Image Courtesy of Andrew Berman Architect, Library Development Solutions, Neil Donnelly, AEA Consulting, Auerbach Pollock Friedlander
Clinton Hill Branch Library concept. Image Courtesy of Andrew Berman Architect, Library Development Solutions, Neil Donnelly, AEA Consulting, Auerbach Pollock Friedlander
This team focuses their proposal on the library as a 24 hour community space. Services such as information booths and book returns would be brought to the front of the building, accessible at all hours of the day. Their design includes public rooms that could be used by outside organizations, even when the library is closed. The library façade becomes an extension of this public space, becoming a place for people to work, play, and gather for social occasions.
L+ a.k.a. SITU STUDIO
Also focused on making the library more accessible, team L+ (led by SITU Studio) proposes a kind of chain “retail outpost” library throughout the city. These structures would be customizable in both size and design, being implemented anywhere in the city from transit stations to existing branch libraries. The L+ library stations respond to an increased demand for community programming and would be capable of hosting everything from cooking classes to adult literacy courses, based on the location.
Marble Fairbanks with James Lima Planning + Development, Leah Meisterlin, and Special Project Office
Concept for Brighton Beach Library. Image Courtesy of team Marble Fairbanks with James Lima Planning + Development, Leah Meisterlin, and Special Project Office
The design from this team is based off an in-depth analysis of New York City demographics, including population density, age range, and existing library location. Using this information, the group proposes a scenario wherein libraries are part of mixed-use buildings alongside residential units. The result is a mixed-use development in the Brighton Beach branch that includes a retail level on the ground floor, a library on the first and second, and housing in the stories above.
MASS Design Group
Concept for Coney Island Wellness Library. Image Courtesy of team MASS Design Group
Working from observations of a set of libraries in southern Brooklyn, MASS Design Group tailored their proposal to best fit the needs of individual buildings. This tailoring includes redesigning the Coney Island branch’s second floor to better cater to nutrition and health programs (such as giving out flu shots). The team’s interventions are meant to enhance the strengths of the selected libraries, but also allow them to provide an even wider range of services.
Portfolio of design proposals. Image Courtesy of team UNION
UNION’s self-described interests lie in “narrative and in identifying the essential qualities that make a library feel like a library to its users.” With this in mind, they propose a design strategy that will make libraries a visually prominent part of their surrounding communities. This includes standard signage and library icon and advertising campaigns throughout the city. The team also proposes better access to facilities through library cards that act as keys, granting visitors access to building facilities that may operate outside standard library hours.